Volume 54, March/April 2019, Number 2 · pp. 101-105
The Gender Pay Gap in EU Countries – New Evidence Based on EU-SES 2014 Data
Gender differences in wages are a persistent pattern in most European countries. This study analyses the earnings divide between men and women and the driving forces behind it in 26 countries. In 2014, the cross-country gender pay gap stood at 14.2%. However, country-level results differ tremendously with high gaps of more than 20% in Estonia and Germany and gaps below 5% in Belgium, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Romania. While part of the earnings divide can be explained by gendered sector affiliation and the high share of atypical employment among women, a large portion of the gender pay gap remains unexplained by the data. Even though the gender pay gap statistics are unable to identify the (non-)existence of discrimination, it still calls for diverse measures both at the state and the firm level.
This Intereconomics article is available for free at this page after an embargo period of two years. Reading it before April 2021 is possible via SpringerLink or in the next library.