A service of the


Figure of the Month

Female labour force participation, ages 25-54

in % of same-age population, Sources: Eurostat; and IMF staff calculations.

This figure from “Unlocking The Potential of Female Employment in Europe” by Pereira et al. shows how female labour force participation in Europe has evolved since the year 2000. In almost every country, a larger percentage of the female population aged 25-54 was participating in the labour market in 2014 compared to 2000. For example, less than 60% of women in this age group participated in the Italian labour market in 2000, while by 2014 this had increased to 64-68%. Notable exceptions include Romania and Finland, both of which saw a drop in female labour force participation; meanwhile, Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic all remained consistent in their rates in this time period.